DeepFirearm: Learning Discriminative Feature Representation for Fine-Grained Firearm Retrieval

摘要

There are great demands for automatically regulating inappropriate appearance of shocking firearm images in social media or identifying firearm types in forensics. Image retrieval techniques have great potential to solve these problems. To facilitate research in this area, we introduce Firearm 14k, a large dataset consisting of over 14,000 images in 167 categories. It can be used for both fine-grained recognition and retrieval of firearm images. Recent advances in image retrieval are mainly driven by fine-tuning state-of-the-art convolutional neural networks for retrieval task. The conventional single margin contrastive loss, known for its simplicity and good performance, has been widely used. We find that it performs poorly on the Firearm 14k dataset due to: (1) Loss contributed by positive and negative image pairs is unbalanced during training process. (2) A huge domain gap exists between this dataset and ImageNet. We propose to deal with the unbalanced loss by employing a double margin contrastive loss. We tackle the domain gap issue with a two-stage training strategy, where we first fine-tune the network for classification, and then fine-tune it for retrieval. Experimental results show that our approach outperforms the conventional single margin approach by a large margin (up to 88.5% relative improvement) and even surpasses the strong triplet-loss-based approach.

出版物
International Conference on Pattern Recognition (best paper award)
董晶
董晶
研究员、硕导

主要从事多媒体内容安全、人工智能安全、多模态内容分析与理解等方面的研究工作。详情访问:http://cripac.ia.ac.cn/people/jdong

王伟
王伟
副研究员、硕导

主要从事多媒体内容安全、人工智能安全、多模态内容分析与理解等方面的研究工作。

谭铁牛
谭铁牛
研究员,博导

主要从事图像处理、计算机视觉和模式识别等相关领域的研究工作,目前的研究主要集中在生物特征识别、图像视频理解和信息内容安全等三个方向。